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POP, CHILDREN AND OBESITY
AND EROSION

Make sure you are drinkining 8 cups of water a day instead of pop

Obesity among children has increase 100% in 14 years!

People who drink 3 or more sugary sodas daily have 
62% more dental decay, fillings and tooth loss!

      Instead of drinking milk, juice, water and other nutritious beverages, children are drinking more soda and as a result they are getting heavier and heavier.

    Many people attribute the obesity epidemic of America's youth to their food choices and lack of physical activity.

    A study published in the Lancet medical journal found a soft drink obesity connection.  Experts called the findings enormously important and attribute the rise in childhood obesity to the consumption of sweetened drinks. 

     Soda consumption has increased from 22.2 gallons of cola per person a year in 1970 to 56 gallons per person a year in 1999-meaning about 14 billion gallons of soda were consumed in the U.S. that year.~

    The prevalence of obesity among children in the United States increased by 100% between 1980 and 1994.

    The soft drink study involved tracking 548 children aged 11 or 12 for two school years.  The researchers monitored how many sweet drinks the children consumed and changes in their body mass index (BMI).

    They found that each sugared soft drink the children consumed each day inched their BMI up by .18 points.  The odds of becoming obese increased significantly for each additional daily serving of sugar sweetened drink.

    The average teenager is getting 20 teaspoons a day of added sugar from soft drinks alone.  Soft drink consumption rates among children have doubles in the last decade, while milk consumption has decreased.  The phosphoric, citric, tartaric and/or carbonic acid in soda in now linked to breaking down the tooth enamel around dental sealants, fillings leading to more extensive dental treatment.

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Click here to play the Sip all Day get Decay game.
Click here and play the Sip All Day Get Decay Game

    Many parents restrict the amounts of chocolate milk their children consume due to the amount of sugar it contains.  When compared to sweetened soft drinks that contain 10 1/4 teaspoons per serving, chocolate milk contains only 4 teaspoons of added sugar.

 

8oz.  Serving of chocolate milk 12 oz. Serving of cola
30% daily value calcium 0% daily value of calcium
4% daily value of fat 0% daily value of fat
10% daily value of 14% daily value of carbohydrate
17% daily value of protein 0% daily value of protein
25% daily value vitamin D 0% daily value of vitamin D
10% daily value vitamin A

0% daily value of vitamin A

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What kids can do to protect their teeth and health:
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After drinking soda, kids should rinse out their mouths with water to wash away excess sugar that bacteria consumes to create acid

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Kids should drink soda from a straw to reduce sugar-exposure to their teeth

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Drink soda from a can, not a bottle with a replaceable cap, to deter sipping throughout the day, which can exacerbate acid attacks

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Drink milk, sugar-free products or bottled water.~

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More facts:

bullet1 in 5 or our children today are overweight
bulletFrom 1985 to 1997 school soft drink purchases increased by 1,200% while milk purchases decreased by 30%.
bullet15% of preschool age children consume more than 9oz of soft drinks.
bulletChildren that consume more than 9oz of soft drinks only take in half of the amount of calcium their bodies need.
bulletObesity has nearly tripled for teens in the past 20 years.
bulletOverweight teens have a 70% chance of becoming overweigh or obese adults. 
bulletFood industry spend $10 billion a year advertising to children.
bulletThe average child sees 10,000 advertisements for food a year, 95% for fast food, soft drinks, candy and sugared cereals.+
bulletThe number one source of added sugars is non-diet soft drinks
bulletFor every additional serving of sugar-sweetened drinks consumed, there
        is a 60% increase in children's risk of becoming overweight
bulletThe marketing of soft drinks results in 1 in 4 teen males drinking 2.5
       cans per day and 1 in 4 teen females 2 cans per day (remember the days of a 6.5 oz bottle, for now we are measuring in 12 oz cans, but with the new 
       20 oz bottle )
bulletMilk is being displaced in our youth - a key time for bone development
       (92% of bone mass is built during childhood and adolescents)
bulletOnly 13% of girls and 13% of boys 12-19 years meet recommendations for  calcium
bulletSoft drink consumption is associated with a three times greater risk
            of bone fracture among females.

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Updates

Sweet Drinks are Kids’ Top Choice
A Harvard School of Public Health study published in the October 2006 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association
indicates that soft drinks and other sugar-sweetened drinks are the most common beverages American children buy from school vending machines. Researchers found that children who eat at fast-food restaurants are more likely to consume sugar-sweetened drinks.
The study also discovered that there is a connection between sweet drinks and vending machine products. Kids who bought
sugar-sweetened drinks were more likely to buy a greater number of items from vending machines.

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Saved by a Straw?

A recent report in General Dentistry, The Academy of General Dentistry’s (AGD) clinical, peer – reviewed journal, suggests that drinking soft drinks and other beverages through a properly positioned straw can help to minimize the risk of cavities. Americans drink roughly 576 soft drinks every year – about 1-1/2 cans a day for everyone in the US. Using a straw limits the amount of time soda is in contact with teeth. Other tips for healthy drinking:

kid drinking with straw
bulletReduce soda consumption
bulletDon’t leave fluids in mouth when sipping
bulletDon’t drink soda before going to bed
bulletDon’t brush immediately after drinking soda as the brush will harm the weakened enamel
bulletBrush in a circular motion to avoid weakening the enamel
bulletIf you have dry mouth, avoid carbonated beverages
(Source:  agd.org)

 

Ten states enacted a variety of laws, the strongest of which (AZ) prohibits sale of sugared, carbonated beverages and all foods of minimal nutritional value on elementary, middle and junior high school campuses. ADA 1/06

Childhood Obesity + Pediatric Dentistry

About 15% of children and adolescents ages 6-19 are obese. Pediatric dentists have an important role in fighting the rapid increase in childhood obesity. They must also heighten their staff's awareness by relying on the recently adopted American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry Policy on Dietary Recommendations for Infants, Children and Adolescents. The policy suggests that "the first three years of life may lay the groundwork for obesity," and that dentists bear responsibility for educating parents. Learn more at www.aapd.org
(Source: July/Aug 2005 Pediatric Dentistry)

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FLUID CONSUMPTION CHOICES OF ADOLESCENTS ATTENDING A NATIONAL YOUTH
SPORTS PROGRAM

Adolescent dietary choices have a significant impact on growth and development and the individual's overall general health. A voluntary survey was administered to 227 10-16 year olds (120 boys and 107
girls) attending an NYSP summer session in Vermillion, South Dakota to evaluate their daily fluid consumption choices.  Of the respondents, 55.5% stated they had consumed at least one can/bottle of sugared soda daily and
17.6% admitted to drinking at least 2-3 cans/bottles of soda daily. 33.9% stated they consume at least one sports drink daily with 24.2% indicating they don't drink sports drinks. 48.4% of the survey participants indicated they drank at least 2 bottles of water daily reflecting a shift from fluoridated tap water. Of the adolescents
surveyed, 61.2% responded they drank 2 glasses of milk or less daily. Finally, 70.9% of the respondents admitted drinking at least one glass of juice daily. The results of this research illustrate the fluid consumption choices made by the children/adolescents participating in our survey including the consumption of significant
amounts simple carbohydrates in the form of sugared soda, sports drinks and juices.
A great number of respondents aren't consuming the recommended three glasses of milk daily increasing the possibility of
developing a calcium deficiency. Finally, the survey group is increasingly consuming non-fluoridated bottled water in place of fluoridated tap water. This research identifies some of the contributory factors of childhood obesity, adolescent osteoporosis, and the continuing problem of dental decay in this population.


Donal D. Scheidel, DDS Robert Nelson, RDH, MPApresented ADHA Annual Session 2004
 

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“LONDON (Reuters) – Fizzy drinks are the major cause of tooth erosion in British teenagers, researchers said (recently).  The sodas and pop drunk by up to 92% of UK 14-year-olds wear away the enamel protective coating on the teeth.  Dental erosion weakens teeth and can cause thinning or chipping of the tooth edges.  This research identifies fizzy drink as by far the biggest factor in causing dental erosion among teenagers. 

Drinking four or more glasses of fizzy drinks a day raises a 12-year-old’s chances of suffering tooth erosion by 252%.  Heavy consumption in 14-year-olds increased the risk to 513%, according to research published in the British Dental Journal.

Unlike tooth decay, which results from high levels of sugar, erosion is caused by acidic substances in the drinks.  Even diet versions are harmful.  Drinking milk (or) water instead reduces the risk. 

‘Erosion is a growing problem  yet many parents don’t understand the difference between decay and erosion, parents need to understand…it is the acidity of certain products that cause erosion.

(When you dissolve carbon dioxide into water you get two things.  One is lots of satisfying bubbles.  The other is the formation of carbonic acid.  When many soda manufacturers add phosphoric acid to their products, you get a double whammy;  this is the same acid that dentists use to microscopically etch or roughen tooth enamel when we bond tooth-colored plastics to teeth.  If the tooth structure is etched  repeatedly by acids without being covered or replaced by bonded plastic, more and more tooth structure gets removed.  Remember this:  the pH of most sodas is around 2.0 to 3.0.  That is extremely acidic.) 

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Keep pop out of our schools
Smart Practice 2003

Sip All Day Get Decay interactive website for teens about pop and decay, click on the Sip All Day icon on the upper right side of the page.

+NDA pg 12 11/03

USDA/ERS, Trends in the US Food Supply. In Frazao E (Ed.) America's Eating
Habits: Changes and Consequences.

Source: Nutrition Edition March  2001, Vol 3 Issue 1

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February 06, 2008

~Dentalnotes, Schools' long-term soda deals kick kids in the teeth, Summer 2001

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