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HEALTHY GUMS

Click here to see a picture of a healthy tooth compared with perio tooth
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    It is caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on the teeth. Our mouth is full of bacteria!  There are at least 300 different species of bacteria in the mouth,  30 of these bacteria types  are capable of producing periodontal disease.

      In a healthy mouth there is a natural balance of these different kinds of bacteria.  In periodontal disease a harmful group of bacteria begin to dominate.  Their levels of toxins continue to increase causing an infection that can damage the gums.

      It takes only 24 hours for this harmful bacteria to recolonize after you brush.  If this plaque is not removed daily it will harden to form calculus (tartar) around the necks of your teeth.

Healthy gum tissue is pink, dimpled and gum tissue is tight around each tooth*

     Normal, healthy gums and bone anchor teeth firmly in place and there is no sign of plaque build up or calculus. The gums are pink and firm and DO NOT BLEED.  The first picture shows that the gum ruler measurements are 1-3 mm.

*Ms Flossy

Red Wine and Gum Disease                           Red wine may help fight gum disease

Canadian scientists are discovering that components found in red wine can help in preventing and treating inflammatory periodontal disease. Periodontitis is a progressive infectious disease affecting the gums and bone that surround and support the teeth, often causing tooth movement and leading to permanent tooth loss. The research by Quebecs Universite Laval was presented to the American Association for Dental Research. Scientists believe the polyphenols in red wine can block production of free radical molecules, high levels of which can damage gum tissue by subtly changing the make up of proteins with the cells that control their release.

 

Prevention of Periodontal Disease

An inverse association between calcium intake and periodontitis prevalence was recently reported. Dairy products are rich sources of calcium and other important nutrients. To date, it appears that the relationship between the intake of dairy products and periodontitis has not been investigated. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether or not there is an association between the intake of dairy products and periodontitis prevalence.

A total of 12,764 individuals who participated in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included in this study. Individuals who had at least one site with an attachment loss 3 mm and a probing depth 4 mm were considered to have periodontitis. The intake of dairy products was categorized into
quintiles. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression models were used for data analyses.

Prevalence of periodontitis was 41% lower for individuals in the highest quintile of intake of dairy products than those in the lowest quintile. After adjusting for known and suspected periodontitis risk factors (age, gender, race\ethnicity,cigarette smoking, education, diabetes, poverty index, vitamin use, body mass index, physical activity, time since the last dental visit, dental calculus, and gingival bleeding), individuals in the highest
quintile of intake of dairy products were 20% less likely to have periodontitis than those in the lowest quintile (P = 0.024 for trend).The results of this study showed an inverse association between the intake of dairy products and prevalence of periodontitis.

Increased Intake of Dairy Products Is Related to Lower Periodontitis Prevalence - Mohammad S. Al-Zahrani Journal of Periodontology 2006, Vol. 77, No. 2, Pages 289-294
 

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February 06, 2008

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