What is fluoride and how is it good for my teeth?
Fluoride is naturally occurring
element found in our environment. The most critical time for fluoride is in the
second to third year of life when tooth enamel is being formed. Fluoride will
make the entire tooth structure more resistant to decay. Fluoride use can
also encourage remineralization
of the tooth surfaces which can help in repairing early decay before it causes a
cavity to help decrease tooth sensitivity.
protects against cavities; can protect against root caries, a condition often
found in adults; and help remineralize early carious lesions (small
decay). Over 140 studies done by 20 different countries proved that
fluorided water is "the single most effective public health measure to
prevent tooth decay and improve oral health for a lifetime "
as stated by AGD.
Recommendations for fluoride use:
mg/day is the most recently published recommended dosage. This
can be given as drops. Do NOT put it in their formulas.
Use less than a pea size amount of toothpaste
with children under two and be careful they do not swallow it. Don't
let them lick the toothpaste tube or "eat" toothpaste.
Reserve the toothpaste made for children until they are two or old enough to
obey these guidelines
Weight or dental age is a better determining
factor for fluoride dosage than age in years
Fluoride treatments may begin after the age
of three. Topical fluoride gel works on the outer surface of a tooth
and is NOT taken in internally so a child can not overdose on fluoride
Fluoride rinses can be used after the age of
six, especially in children who are drinking soft drinks and/or wearing
braces! They can cut decay by about 30% if used daily
For the best result of a fluoridated
toothpaste, the toothpaste should be on the teeth for four minutes
Chewable vitamins with fluoride are
recommended for children who have cavities, live in areas with unfluoridated
drinking water and live in families that are prone to tooth decay or
periodontal disease. Chewing these tablets puts fluoride directly in
the grooves of the teeth where most decay is likely to happen
We use fluoride polishing paste with all
our patients when we clean their teeth.
We apply fluoride gel to all children after
they have had their teeth polished
WARNING: call 911 when the mgs of
fluoride ingested is twice the weight of your child!
The reason for
topical fluoride is to change the pKa of the hydroxyapatite.
This protect the tooth from acid attack which includes the corrosion
that causes cavities.
For adults with high level of decay or dry
mouth, fluoride rinses are recommended twice a day for four minutes.
Do not swallow the rinse
For rampant decay rinse with fluoride,
to remineralize the enamel, when
every you can, do not swallow the rinse. Try using a professionally
high strength fluoride toothpaste and use it in the evening before bed, do
not rinse for 30 minutes after its use
Fluoridated rinses may
problems if used along with good oral
For adults who drink
Adults wearing braces.
Dietary fluoride supplements will give
teeth a low, prolonged exposure to fluoride to help supplement your fluoride
intake, especially in areas where fluoride is not added to the water
Neutral sodium fluoride is used for caries
reduction, remineralization and relief of sensitivity. Acidulated phosphate
fluoride is utilized for caries reduction, enhanced remineralization
and reduction in hypersensitivity.