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TOOTH DECAY PROCESS

Decay can begin on the biting surface, between teeth or at the gum line      Left untreated it can spread to other teeth    It moves from the hard enamel to the soft dentin    This infectious disease has reached the pulp or nerve of the tooth which will cause allot of pain   Lack of good dental care

Cavity Formation Signs and Symptoms Self-Test

PLEASE don't let this happen to your child
Swollen face due to dental

Dental Abscess Self Test

Dental abscess leading to pain and discomfort
The Caries Balance

Pathological Factors Protective Factors
bulletBacteria (acidogenic, S. Mutans, S Sobrinus, Lactobacilli
bulletReduced salivary flow
bulletFrequency of fermentable carbohydrate ingestion=

             CAVITIES

bulletSaliva flow & components
bulletProteins, calcium, phosphate, fluoride, immunoglobulins
bulletAntibacterials in saliva and extrinsic-fluoride, chlorhexidine iodine =

  NO CAVITIES

WDJ Focus On Dental Caries Management, Dr Trost, Dr. Scarlett, Dr Abrams pg 24-33 1/04

New Clue to Tooth Decay Could Lead to Dental Advances

A study comparing antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), a group of small proteins that occur naturally in human saliva and act like antibiotics against oral bacteria, could lead to new ways to screen children for
risk of tooth decay and protect them against this common, chronic problem.
Oral examinations performed on 149 middle school children. Researchersat the University of Washington in Seattle set out to determine a possible correlation between dental caries prevalence in children and salivary concentrations of three types of antimicrobial peptides. Results found that children with no tooth decay had higher levels of one particular type of AMP (alpha defensin) than children with tooth decay. The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research,
part of the Nation al Institutes of Health, funded the study.
The study, "Salivary Antimicrobial Peptide Expression and Dental Caries Experience in Children," published in the September 2005 issue of the journal Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1/06

Pictures: Ms Flossy

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